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Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Environment Science Admission, Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary 2023

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Environment Science Admission, Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary 2023

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Environment Science Admission, Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary 2023

The three-year PhD in Environmental Science or Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental Science programme immerses students in an enthralling blend of chemical, biological, and physical perspectives on the environment.

Consider this programme a higher-level voyage into the domains of energy conservation, pollution control, deciphering climate shifts, biodiversity protection, dealing with the plastic problem, and tackling the global warming challenge. The confluence of social and natural sciences in this academic voyage creates a dynamic tapestry of knowledge and inquiry.

The PhD programme consists of intensive coursework, seminars, and Theme papers. It also involves a thesis project in which students must select a specialisation. Studies in soil, forest, and biodiversity conservation; water treatment and waste management; disaster management; biological nitrogen removal; freshwater biodiversity, nanomaterials, and other areas of specialisation are included.

This programme lasts a minimum of three years and a maximum of five years. Admission requires satisfactory completion of an M.Sc. or M.Phil. in Environmental Science or a comparable discipline.

PhD admissions in Environmental Science are based on the candidate's success in a relevant entrance exam and subsequent round of interviews.

PhD admissions in Environmental Science are based on the candidate's success in a relevant entrance exam and subsequent rounds of interviews.

In Indian institutions, the annual average fee charged for the degree ranges between INR 1,000 and 2 lacks for three years, while the annual average salary graduates can make after completing the course ranges between INR 4 and 10 lacks, with the possibility of increasing with experience and skill.

Ecologist, Geographer, Lecturers, Conservation Scientist, Energy Conservationist, Hydrologist, Climate Change Analyst, Botanist, Wildlife Biologist, and more positions are available to graduates of this programme.

Postgraduates interested in furthering their studies in this field can apply for careers in management. For those interested in studying the discipline professionally, scientific research and consulting services are accessible.

PhD IN Environmental Science: Course Highlights

PhD Environmental Science is a doctorate programme in which applicants conduct specialised research on issues affecting the earth's environment. The following table summarises the course's basic information:

Course Level Doctorate
Full-Form Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental Science
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester-based or Annual
Eligibility Master’s Degree/ Post-graduation with a minimum of 55%
Admission process Merit-based / Entrance Examination
Course Fee INR 1,000 - INR 2,00,000
Average Salary INR 4,000 - INR 10,00,000
Top Recruiting Companies Wildlife Institute of India, Godrej, Discovery, etc.
Job Positions Wildlife Film-maker, Research Assistant, Environment Journalist, Forest Carbon Specialist, Conservation Hydrologist, Senior Program Officer, Environment Photographer, Waste Management Director, Senior Catastrophe Risk Modeler, Environment Management Analyst, Zoologist, Research Associate, Hydrologist, etc.
Area of Employment Academic Institutes, Environment Protection Companies, Water Treatment Plants, Agriculture Sector, Weather Departments, Environment Content Writings, National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries, Waste Management Plants, etc.

Ph.D. in Environmental Science: What is it about?

The PhD programme in Environmental Science is an excellent research programme for those seeking to advance their knowledge and expertise in areas that can make a significant difference in our fight against those elements that impair the earth's environment.

  • Candidates' research can influence documentation, policy, teaching, and technology, furthering the subject of environmental science.
  • Environmental science is a vast field, and candidates must choose their area of specialisation based on their competence and areas of interest. Sustainable development, energy conservation, conservation science, forestry management, ecosystems, marine biology, remote sensing, botany, and other fields are among those chosen by a few of them.
  • This PhD programme begins with submitting a research proposal to the appropriate university. They will attend several high-level seminars addressing issues related to their study area once they have been accepted and admitted through the selection procedure.
  • The seminars are supplemented with coursework and original research conducted by the candidates. They must write a dissertation based on their study and defend it in viva-voce in front of the dissertation committee.
  • The study and coursework are based on current environmental challenges such as air and water pollution, global warming, soil erosion, deforestation, desertification, melting polar caps, and glacier ice cover decline.

Why study PhD Environmental Science?

  • Environmental studies prepare students for employment in academia, government, business, and non-profit organisations by teaching them to think critically, creatively, and comprehensively about environmental challenges.
  • Students who complete the doctoral programme understand how natural and artificial environmental systems work and what they can do to conserve and develop them.
  • They can work in educational institutions such as schools and universities as teachers and lecturers. They must have a NET pass certificate and follow all UGC requirements in order to become a permanent lecturer.
  • Candidates with a PhD degree can become the most knowledgeable in their field of study. Part-time programmes are available for working professionals. However, a full-time model is advantageous since it allows for regular face-to-face engagement with teachers and access to campus amenities such as laboratories and libraries.

List of Top 10 Phd In Environmental Science Colleges In India

Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai

Fergusson College, Pune, Maharashtra

  • 020 6765 6000
  • Fergusson College Rd, Shivajinagar, Pune, Maharashtra 411004

In Pune, India, there is a unique college called Fergusson College. It is somewhat independent yet also similar to a school. The subjects they instruct on range from science to art. This college was established in 1885. Vaman Shriram Apte, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vishnushashtri Chiplunkar, Mahadeo Ballal Namjoshi, and Gopal Krishna Agarkar were influential individuals who started it.

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Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh Logo

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh

A statute passed by the Indian government in 1967 gave the Institute its independence. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare oversaw it.

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PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore

  • 04224303300
  • V Avinashi Rd, PSG CAS, Civil Aerodrome Post, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641014

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India is home to PSG College of Arts and Science. With the aid of G. R. Damodaran, it began in 1947.

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Christ College,Irinjalakuda

In 1956, Christ College, Irinjalakuda, opened its doors. It is situated in Thrissur, Kerala, and is related to Calicut University. Numerous courses in the humanities, sciences, business, computers, social work, languages, sports, libraries, and management are taught by them. They provide doctoral, graduate, and undergraduate degrees.

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Sri Venkateswara College, Delhi

Sri Venkateswara College, Delhi

  • 1800 180 5522
  • Moti Bagh II, Dhaula Kuan Enclave I, Dhaula Kuan, New Delhi, Delhi 110021

The University of Delhi includes Sri Venkateswara College. It was developed in India's New Delhi in 1961. It is managed by the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams and the UGC, and it awards degrees that have been endorsed by the University of Delhi.

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shri shivaji science college amravati logo

Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati

  • 094030 54350
  • Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati, Maharashtra 444601

In 1958, Shri Shivaji Science College opened its doors in Amravati. Back then, it covered a variety of topics, including science, the arts, commerce, law, and agriculture. However, it was reduced to a Science College in 1969. The college is pleased to note that since then, it has expanded significantly. Around the world, it has assisted a lot of young people in becoming successful.

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Anugrah Narayan College,Patna

Anugrah Narayan College,Patna, Bihar

  • 0612 254 0482
  • J495+CX4, Boring Rd, Sri Krishna Puri, Patna, Bihar 800013

In the Indian state of Bihar, Patna is home to Anugrah Narayan College. Both males and females go there to study. It is located on 13 acres of land in Patna, the capital and largest city of Bihar. This institution was established in January 2003 as a division of Patliputra University. A clever economist by the name of Dr. Gorak Nath Sinha served as the college's first president.

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Holy Cross College

Government Holkar Science College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh

  • 02022526827
  • AB Rd, near Bhawarkua Square, Janki Nagar, Indore, Madhya Pradesh 452001

In Indore, Madhya Pradesh, there is a college known as Holkar Science College, also known as Holkar College. Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Shivaji Rao Holkar Bahadur XII, the former ruler of Indore, founded it on June 10, 1891. This college is the largest government science school in the state and was placed third among government autonomous institutions nationwide in the 2020–21 Education World Rankings.

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New Arts, Commerce and Science College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra

New Arts, Commerce and Science College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra

  • 0241-2324024
  • New Arts, Commerce and Science College, Ahmednagar, Laltaki Road, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra 414001

In the Indian state of Maharashtra, Ahmednagar city is home to the New Arts, Commerce and Science College. An organization by the name of Ahmednagar Jilha Maratha Vidya Prasarak Samaj founded this college back in 1970.

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College of Fisheries, Mangalore Logo

College of Fisheries, Mangalore, Karnataka

  • 0824 224 9256
  • College of Fisheries, Mangalore Souterpet, Kankanady, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575002

The College of Fisheries in Mangalore, Karnataka, is a place where people learn about fish and do research about them in India. It started in 1969 and was made by the University of Agricultural Sciences in Bangalore. Now, it's a part of the new Karnataka Veterinary, Animal, and Fisheries Sciences University in Bidar.

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Eligibility for Ph.D. in Environmental Science

The following are the common PhD Environmental Science eligibility criteria for admission to a college offering this course:

  • Master's Degree from a recognised university or institution with at least 55% marks or an equivalent grade.
  • Candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC (Non-Creamy layer)/Differently Abled and other such categories will be given a 5% relaxation as per the decision of the UGC and the Government of India.
  • An applicant who has passed the GATE/CSIR-UGC/JRF/NET/SLET in the relevant topic is exempt from the Entrance Test.
  • Candidates with M.Phil degrees from UGC-accredited universities are also exempt from entrance examinations.

The basic qualifying criteria are the aforementioned eligibility characteristics. Each college may have its own set of criteria for evaluating prospective students.

How To Get Admission In PhD Environmental Science

The following points must be kept in mind when applying for admission to top PhD Environmental Science colleges:

  • Colleges choose applicants using admission examinations, which are followed by interviews.
  • To get into a decent PhD programme, the best way is to take the CSIR-NET and UGC-NET tests. For some colleges, GATE is also required.
  • A few private institutes that offer the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test followed by a round of Personal Interview.
  • Candidates must perform well in the respective entrance tests in order to gain admission to a good college for the PhD Environmental Science programme.
  • M.Phil competitions with above-average grades can also help students get into prestigious institutions.

How to Prepare for the Environmental Science Entrance Exam?

  • The PhD Environmental Science entrance test syllabus will differ from college to institution. However, the majority of exams focus on environmental knowledge and abilities.
  • Students should be aware of the whole syllabus of the entrance exam they will be taking, as some of these exams are completely dependent on environmental knowledge.
  • Candidates should consider purchasing study materials or previous year's PhD entrance test question papers and practising them for PhD Environmental Science entrance exams in order to adequately prepare for them.
  • Environmental Science course books are also excellent study materials for these exams.

PhD in Environmental Science Admission Process

The majority of schools and institutes that offer PhD Environmental Science enrol candidates based on the results of their graduate degree level examinations. However, some institutes hold entrance examinations to assess a candidate's talents and skill sets.

The two major routes for PhD Environmental Science admissions are as follows:

  • Merit-Based Admission:Most private universities that offer PhD Environmental Science programmes admit candidates based on their master's/graduate degree grades. In addition, these universities may conduct a Personal Interview or a Written Test to learn more about the candidate's abilities.
  • Entrance Exam Based:Top PhD Colleges such as Banaras Hindu University, Jawaharlal University, Amity University, and others offer admission to the PhD Environmental Science programme through entrance examinations that typically consist of MCQ-based questions on environmental-related topics, allowing the college to screen deserving candidates for admission.

When the Entrance Exam results are released, universities may hold a Personal Interview Round for qualifying students to learn more about their interest in the course, talents, and career.

PhD Environmental Science Entrance Exams

Some universities that offer PhD programmes in Environmental Science require candidates to take an admission exam.

Entrance Exam Registration Date Exam Date
CSIR UGC NET July 11 – August 10, 2022 September 16 – 18, 2022
UGC NET April 30 – May 30, 2022 July 9 – July 12, 2022, and August 12 – August 14, 2022
ICAR AICE JRF/SRF July 21 – August 19, 2022 September 20, 2022
IIT JAM September 7 – October 14, 2022 February 12, 2023
VITMEE April 2022 June 2023
NIPER PhD Entrance Exam To be Announced To be Announced

Ph.D. in Environmental Science Books

Some of the PhD Environmental Science books listed below can assist students gain a broader and better grasp of the course. The following books will also assist students in passing several PhD Environmental Science exams.

Name of the Book Author
Global Water: Issues and Insights David Allendes
Earth and Environmental Sciences by Imran Ahmad Dar, Mithas Ahmad Dar
Silent Spring Rachel Carson
Environmental Studies Benny Joseph
Environmental Science Dr Y K Singh

Ph.D. in Environmental Science: Syllabus and Course Description

Although the PhD Environmental Science course curriculum differs each college, it comprises primarily of some common core courses from which students can choose based on their interests.

The syllabus for Banaras Hindu University is shown in the table below:



Paper 1 (Compulsory Paper)

Research Methodology

Paper 2: One Optional Paper

Bio- remediation & Ecological Agriculture

Environmental Microbiology

Microbial Ecology

Microbial Enzymes and Bioremediation

Waste Management and Energy Generation Technologies

Energy Generation from Waste

Environmental Impact Assessment and Air Pollution 

Water Resources – Management and Modeling Techniques

Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment Technologies

Plant Microbe Interaction for Sustainable Agriculture

Paper ESP

Presentation and Review of Literature

Paper ESP

Presentation of Synopsis 

Ph.D. in Environmental Science: Job Prospects and Career Options

After earning a degree in this discipline, a candidate can pursue a range of occupations. It will be simple for them to get work in the government, commercial sector, and a variety of other industries. They can also choose to teach in colleges or universities as a professor or lecturer.

  • In this area, they can work for organisations such as the Water Authority, the Pollution Control Board, and Urban Planning.
  • There are numerous private organisations, such as refineries, distilleries, food processing businesses, and fertiliser plants, that provide a variety of work prospects for graduates in this subject.
  • They can seek for jobs as Managers in fertiliser plants as well as in food processing industries.
  • Graduates can also work as Environmental Journalists for any newspaper, magazine, or television station.
  • Candidates can also join organisations of their choice; an increasing number of NGOs are working on environmental issues.
  • After completing the course, applicants can pursue careers in teaching and research as Ecologist, Scientists, Consultants, Lecturer, Technician, Research Assistant, and so on.

The table below summarises some of the most popular PhD Environmental Science job profiles and employment opportunities after completing the course:

Job Profile Job Description Average Annual Salary
Research Associate The main job of a Research Associate is to involve in detailed analyses of projects and their effects on the environment. They also do research based on which they formulate techniques for the protection of the environment. INR 5,50,000
Ecologist They have responsibilities like generating environmental impact reports, habitat maintenance, teaching in schools, helping with legislation, conducting surveys, and various others. They are also involved in surveying ecosystems and creating assessments pertaining to the diversity, behaviour, and population of the different organisms within the ecosystems. INR 7,20,000
Zoologist They are scientists who study living organisms, specifically animals, and often work in outdoor environments. INR 9,00,000
Environmental Scientist Environmental Scientist is an expert who studies the physical environment of objects. His work includes studying interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. Environmental scientists focus on pollution and degradation of the environment related to human activities and their adverse impact on biodiversity and the sustainability of nature. INR 4,80,000
Hydrologist These professionals work for a government agency or a private organization that studies water and its properties, availability, and cycle. Hydrologists help solve water-related issues like storm surges, floods, and droughts. INR 8,50,000
Assistant Professor They professionally engage in teaching the discipline to undergraduate/graduate students and assessing their academic performances. INR 6,00,000

PhD in Environmental Science Scope

The PhD programme in Environmental Science is a field of study in which students can discover a variety of strategies to conserve the environment through the responsible use of resources.

  • It provides several work prospects for environmental scientists, as well as environmental biologists, engineers, modellers, and environmental journalists.
  • Environmental scientists are employed by fertiliser factories, mining, the textile and dyeing industry, food processing industries, and so on.
  • For aspiring environmental scientists, there are opportunities to work in the research sector in the government or non-profit organisations. They may also be able to obtain careers in management, consultancy, and scientific research.
  • After earning a higher degree in environmental science, such as an MSc, M. Tech, or PhD, you can work as an independent environmental consultant or for a consultancy. For example, ecological consultancies such as RAMKY, ENZEN, and others.
  • Almost every university and government research institution has an Environmental Department. They can begin working as JRFs or Project Assistants on a variety of projects.